Monthly Archives: November 2017

Horse Racing Industry

Horse racing has become a symbol of aristocratic lifestyle. It is a magnificent game, enjoyed by wealthy people. Horse racing is being enjoyed for centuries. It used to be a part of the life of kings and knights, and it still continues to hold a big influence on those who belong to the creamy layer of the society. The history of horse racing as a sport dates back to the 12th century, when English knights returning from the crusades used to bring swift and stout Arab horses with them. As more and more Arab stallions were imported to England and bred to English mares, exclusive racing horses that exhibited superb speed and endurance were produced. Slowly, two-horse races to find out the fastest horse became a popular sport activity of the noble families. The history of the horse racing industry informs us that horse racing became a professional sport in the 18th century.
Horse Racing
Historical records show that horse racing (chariot and mounted horse racing) was common in the ancient cities of Babylon, Greece, Rome, Syria, and Egypt. Chariot racing and mounted horse racing were included in the list of events in the Greek Olympics, organized in 648 BC. According to the history of horse racing, the official Jockey Club was founded in 1750, in England. The rules of racing were formulated and the standards of horse racing were defined. Then onwards, the races were considered as the tests of excellence. The club still governs English racing. Since historical times, horse races have provided excellent entertainment for all types of crowds. As horse racing demanded exceptional skills from the horse, specialized breeds were purposely and systematically developed. Growing demand for skilled horses, riders and the related equipment gradually led to the growth of horse racing industry.

The ‘Thoroughbred’ is the best horse breed that is used in horse racing. It is a hot-blooded (showing more sensitivity and energy; calm and quiet horses are referred to as cold-blooded), purebred horse, known for grace, agility, speed, liveliness and spirit. Flat racing (over a level track), steeplechase (racing over hurdles), and harness racing, where the driver is in a sulky (a lightweight open cart without a body, which has two wheels and a seat for the driver); are the main types of horse racing. Thoroughbred, Quarter Horse, Arabian, Paint, and Appaloosa are the breeds which excel in flat racing. Different horse breeds excel in different types of racing. Let us now take a look at the horse racing history of the United States.

Wrestling Moves

A host of potentially useful moves and their variations are prevalent in wrestling. It would be nothing short of a book if all of these are to be mentioned. So here are the 3 basic wrestling techniques, and a few moves within them.

From The Top
Moves from the top are executed when a wrestler is in the top position. More often than not, these are either used to pin the opponent or get some quick near-fall points. A couple of widely known moves from the top are the wrist-and-half-Nelson and cradle. In the cradle, the wrestler who is on top hooks an elbow behind the knee of the opponent, and keeps one behind his head. Then he locks the hands for almost folding the opponent in half. The move is finished by sliding one knee into the back at a high level for bracing the opponent in the air and rocking him back on his shoulders. On the other hand, the wrist-and-half-Nelson is used for getting the opponent on the mat, which makes it easier for the other wrestler to attack him. Moreover, the opponent has no scope for defending himself by standing up, do a switch or a roll. Of course, these things will have to be done within the periphery of the rules.

It is Bottom’s Up
The moves within this technique are used by a wrestler when he is at the bottom, that is on the ground or mat. The most simplest and basic moves in this category are escape or stand up and switch. The wrestlers use escape to get to a standing position. The only thing is that a part from getting the technique, is that the wrestler has to be swift enough and agile. Otherwise, the opponent who is in the top position may grab his ankle and bring him down again. Switch is a better idea than escape, as executing a switch not just helps a wrestler to get to a standing and defensive position, but it helps him bring the opponent down too.

The Offense and the Defense
These are moves which are executed in the standing position, and mainly include take-downs and throws, and a lot of grappling. There is the single-leg take down, double leg take down, and the ankle pick. Ankle pick is where the wrestler literally snatches and grabs the opponent’s opposite ankle, lifting it to his waist. From there, the opponent can be easily manipulated and brought down to the mat. As far as throws in an upright position are concerned, the most common ones are fireman’s carry, duck under, and headlock hip toss. The duck under is a surprise package, and can absolutely stun the opponent. It is a must-have in a wrestler’s arsenal.

Here are some more:
The Sit Out – Turn In
Tight Waist, Far Ankle
Near Arm Chop
Basic Headlock
Far Knee, Far Ankle
Chair Shot
Charging Headbutt
Chicken Wing
Chinlock
Choke
Chokeslam
Chop
Chop Block
Claw Hold
Cobra Clutch
Knowing these moves is one thing, and executing them with perfection is another. For that, you will need to go to a trainer or a coach and get some practice and training under your belt.

Cricket has a history

The origin of cricket is a contentious issue. Historians and researchers have slightly different theories about the origin of the game. But some conclusions were drawn based on historical evidence, that traces the sport’s origin to England. The word ‘cricket’ may have its origin in the word ‘cric’. Crics were wooden staves carried by shepherds. The game developed in the grasslands of Kent and Sussex, where it was a sport played mostly by kids, and not taken up seriously by adults. The first written record of the game can be traced to 1598, when a mention of the game ‘crekett’ or ‘crickett’ was found. Slowly, it became popular among adults, only to be suppressed by the clergy. In 1611, two men were prosecuted for playing cricket instead of going to church.
The Beginning
The new puritan government of England clamped down on the spread of cricket. It had become a major pastime in the 1600s among the labor class and peasants. The 1680s saw the end of the puritan regime, and monarchy was in power again. The new rulers themselves were fond of the game, and hence, it gained popularity and respect. In spite of betting and petty violence associated with cricket’s early years, the London magistrate viewed the game as ‘respectable’. In the year 1788, the ‘Laws of Cricket’ were laid down by the Marylebone Cricket Club, England. These laws are still adhered to, except for a few revisions and modifications. Till today, it is the only game in the world that has ‘laws’ instead of rules.
Cricket gained more popularity with the association of the rich and the famous of England with the game. Charles Lennox, the 2nd Duke of Richmond, the 7th baronet Sir William Gage, and Alan Broderick, were all high-profile connoisseurs of the game. Their interest ensured newspaper coverage for the game. The 1800s saw the emergence of Australia and South Africa as additions to the cricket playing nations. The first official international test match was played between the touring English side against Australia. This match was played in Melbourne, Australia, where the home side won by a margin of 45 runs.

The Aussies again defeated the English in 1882, resulting in a public outcry against the poor English game. One writer published an obituary for English cricket, stating that its ‘body’ would be cremated, and its ashes spread all over Australia. The next series played between the two countries was termed as the fight to ‘regain the ashes’. Till date, a test series between England and Australia is referred to as the ‘Ashes’ test series, and holds a special place in the cricketing world for the intensity and rivalry between the two cricket teams. Cricket made its only appearance in Olympics in the year 1900, with a game played between England and France. England won the gold medal. Today, there is a renewed effort to include it as an Olympic sport.

Female Weightlifters

It is said that a healthy man can sustain only 45 Del (unit) of pain. But at the time of childbirth, a woman experiences almost 57 Del of pain, which is equivalent to the pain one will experience if he/she breaks about 20 bones at a time! Women are a lot stronger than most men imagine them to be, then what’s wrong if women use their strength to lift weights? Why do people question or pass silly comments? Even those people who say such silly things don’t have answers to these questions, and yet they utter them.
Well built body
The reaction of female weightlifters to this statement would always be, “aarrrggghh”. They have a ‘well-built’ body and not ‘well-toned’ body. If it was possible, they would happily have the word ‘toned’ removed from the vocabulary.

Becoming bulky
Female weightlifters work out to stay healthy, not beef up. People believe the myth that building muscles makes one bulky. The reality is that people who work out follow a proper diet and hence don’t bulk up. The other myth is if one stops working out, his build up muscles turn into fat, which is absolutely not true.
man like body
There is only one retort that such a comment deserves, “please get your vision checked,” Having a muscular body doesn’t change a woman to a man, instead it makes her fit, and fit is definitely not a synonym for ‘male’.

questioning the diet
Asking such a question is nothing less than adding fuel to the fire. Of course they too like junk food, but they can handle their cravings, but this doesn’t imply that you test their patience and resolve.
working out the whole day
If you like eating, do you eat the whole day? Hell no! Similarly, if she likes working out, that doesn’t mean that she drops everything on her schedule and camps out in the gym forever.
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help reduce weight
They are weightlifters who are trained to build their body by experts. They are not dietitians or fitness trainers themselves. You go to them with your fitness issues or queries, and they can only give you a reference contact and a few basic tips, nothing else.
help reduce weight
Alright, agreed that their body structure is slightly different than other women, but this doesn’t mean that they don’t find perfectly fitting clothes.

living life
When they work out, they meet people who share their passion to lift weights and hence, become friends too. But remember they don’t spend their entire day in the gym. They workout for about an hour or two, and then spend the rest of the day doing what all ordinary people do.