Monthly Archives: January 2018

Playing Tennis

Basic Rules of Tennis
One player hits or serves the ball from a corner of a marked out area called a court, that is divided down the middle with a three feet high (0.914 meter) net. The opposite player’s goal is to return the ball, bouncing it no more than once in his own court, aiming for the other player to not be able to hit it. A point is gained when a player is not able to return the ball at all or he hits it out of the court. The ball is always served cross court or diagonally.

Equipment
The right equipment is essential for a good game of tennis, along with demarcation of the court according to international standards. Here are the specifications.
Tennis Court

Tennis is required to be played in a regulation size tennis court. This means that it has to be 78 feet long (23.77 m) and 27 feet (8.23 m) wide (for singles matches) or 36 feet (10.97 m) wide (for doubles matches). The court must have a 3 feet (0.914 meter) high net (with 3 ½ feet net posts), dividing it down the center. The type of court floor varies. It may be asphalt, clay, concrete, grass, artificial grass, wood or made of other synthetic materials.

The parallel line at both ends of the court, which marks its border, is known as a ‘baseline’, while the line marking the side of the court is known as ‘sideline’. A line parallel to the baseline, known as ‘server line’, is marked at a distance of 21 feet from the net, on either side. The center line, which is perpendicular to the net, is drawn halfway between the sidelines and exactly divides the courts into two halves on either side. Moreover, the server line and the center line on either side, divides each side of the court into four quarters. The quarter courts near the net are known as ‘service courts’.
Tennis Racquet
Tennis player
The usual tournament size racket should not be more than 29 inches in length and 12.5 inches in width. The hitting area of the racket cannot be more than 15.5 inches long and 11.5 inches wide.
Tennis Balls
Tennis ball on clay
These vary in color, but for official tournaments the ball must be yellow or white in color. Two, three, four or six balls may be used in a match.
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Singles Game Basics
Young man playing tennis
The server is chosen by a coin toss. The player who wins the toss can choose to serve or choose the side he wants. If the toss winner chooses to serve, his opponent gets to choose the side and vice versa. This applies to both singles and doubles games. In singles, the server (person playing first) and receiver (one who receives the serve) change position (left/right), after every point and the ends are changed after every odd numbered game.

History of Shotokan Style Karate

Shotokan is a widely known style of karate typically characterized by the long, deep stances involved, use of linear movements; and the absence of body conditioning and supplementary training exercises which happen to be the characteristic traits of Okinawan Goju-Ryu Karate. Even though the circular movements typical to Okinawan styles of karate are seen in Shotokan karate, the use of these movements is minimal here. While the history of martial arts in particular is a subject of debate with historians coming up with different claims, no such confusion prevails when it comes to Shotokan style karate history. One of the four major schools of karate in Japan, Shotokan karate was developed by the ‘father of modern karate’ – Gichin Funakoshi, back in the beginning of 20th century.

The History of Shotokan Karate

Okinawa-Te or Tode was the collective term for three branches of self-defense – Shuri-te, Naha-te and Tomari-te, each of which was named after the Okinawan towns wherein they were developed. As time elapsed, these three branches of self-defense developed into two main styles of karate – Shorei-ryu and Shorin-ryu. Even though the ban on martial arts, which was in place since the 17th century Japanese invasion of Okinawa, did pose a problem for the development of these styles of Okinawan karate, many people successfully mastered either of these two styles, while some went on to master both simultaneously.

Gichin Funakoshi was one of those individuals who mastered both these styles of Okinawan karate – Shorei-ryu and Shorin-ryu. He had begun taking his lessons at a very young age from stalwarts of the field – Anko Itosu and Yasutsune Azato. Funakoshi spent several years mastering these two styles of this martial art. In 1902, the ban on martial arts in Okinawa was lifted at the behest of the Shintaro Ogawa, the Commissioner of Education, who insisted that these martial arts should be included as a part of the physical education in schools. This turned out to be a milestone for the development of this martial arts in this region. Gichin Funakoshi combined the karate techniques of the two styles – Shorei-ryu and Shorin-ryu, and formed a new style, which was eventually named Shotokan by his students.

Origin of Term Shotokan
Funakoshi never named his newly developed style of karate, but simply referred to it as karate. He did change the names of some katas (sequence of positions and movements) though in order to make the pronunciation of Shotokan katas in Japanese Honshu dialect easier. The name ‘Shotokan’ was actually given to the dojo (training facility for martial arts) built by Funakoshi in 1939 by his students. Funakoshi’s students combined ‘shoto’ meaning pine-waves (which was the pen name used by Funakoshi) and ‘kan’ meaning house, to come up with this name in honor of their sensei (teacher of martial arts). The same dojo was eventually destroyed in the bombing by allied forces in 1945.

Golf Tournaments

Organizing a golf tournament is already one of the most trying experiences that you’ll go through, without having to worry about what gifts you can give to the people participating and winning the said competition. But since you have organized the tournament, it is expected of you to have some really good gifts lined up for the winners. What else is supposed to serve as an encouragement for them? Even if it is a charity tournament, meant only to raise money for a cause, there’s got to be some sort of incentive for the competitors to want to win, right? And since golf is not a sport for anyone and everyone, these gifts have to be something that represent only golf and make the receivers think of the tournament every time they see it. This Buzzle article will give you an idea of some of the probable items that you can think of using as golf tournament gifts. You have an array of items to choose from, so don’t worry. Plus, they’re so varied even in costs that you’ll have no trouble choosing something that fits your budget. Have a look and see what suits your interests best.
Attire
When it comes to golf gifts, if there’s one thing that will win the votes every single time, it’s golf attire. A true golf fan can never have enough golf clothes and accessories. So, give the winner of the tournament a complete gold ensemble. A pack of golf t-shirts, trousers if it’s a male and the cute skirt if it’s a female, together with a hat that matches the t-shirts. Wristbands and gloves are other items that can be included in the gift hamper.
Equipment and Accessories
Golf equipment does not come cheap. So winning some fancy golf equipment is definitely going to be one of the best wins for the person. Plus it will make the competitors try that much harder to win. Golf clubs and putters, probably with the name of the person inscribed on it will be a great idea! Along with the complete golf equipment, you can also throw in some really useful golf accessories too. These range from golf bags, a tool kit, tags for bags, caddies, golf balls, etc., and are some of the most popular accessories that you can give the person.

Memorabilia
Every sports enthusiast has his or her own mentor: A person who has excelled and reached great heights in that particular sport. It’s most likely the same with all the golf enthusiasts participating in the tournament that you’re organizing. So, if you can manage (contact and resource wise) to get your hands on some valuable memorabilia like autographed golf equipment, golf balls, trophies, etc., then nothing like it. The winner will be thrilled. You can make an annual tournament and have these same valuable gifts given to the winners every year.