Horse Racing Industry

Horse racing has become a symbol of aristocratic lifestyle. It is a magnificent game, enjoyed by wealthy people. Horse racing is being enjoyed for centuries. It used to be a part of the life of kings and knights, and it still continues to hold a big influence on those who belong to the creamy layer of the society. The history of horse racing as a sport dates back to the 12th century, when English knights returning from the crusades used to bring swift and stout Arab horses with them. As more and more Arab stallions were imported to England and bred to English mares, exclusive racing horses that exhibited superb speed and endurance were produced. Slowly, two-horse races to find out the fastest horse became a popular sport activity of the noble families. The history of the horse racing industry informs us that horse racing became a professional sport in the 18th century.
Horse Racing
Historical records show that horse racing (chariot and mounted horse racing) was common in the ancient cities of Babylon, Greece, Rome, Syria, and Egypt. Chariot racing and mounted horse racing were included in the list of events in the Greek Olympics, organized in 648 BC. According to the history of horse racing, the official Jockey Club was founded in 1750, in England. The rules of racing were formulated and the standards of horse racing were defined. Then onwards, the races were considered as the tests of excellence. The club still governs English racing. Since historical times, horse races have provided excellent entertainment for all types of crowds. As horse racing demanded exceptional skills from the horse, specialized breeds were purposely and systematically developed. Growing demand for skilled horses, riders and the related equipment gradually led to the growth of horse racing industry.

The ‘Thoroughbred’ is the best horse breed that is used in horse racing. It is a hot-blooded (showing more sensitivity and energy; calm and quiet horses are referred to as cold-blooded), purebred horse, known for grace, agility, speed, liveliness and spirit. Flat racing (over a level track), steeplechase (racing over hurdles), and harness racing, where the driver is in a sulky (a lightweight open cart without a body, which has two wheels and a seat for the driver); are the main types of horse racing. Thoroughbred, Quarter Horse, Arabian, Paint, and Appaloosa are the breeds which excel in flat racing. Different horse breeds excel in different types of racing. Let us now take a look at the horse racing history of the United States.